Constipation: Symptoms, Causes and Effective Treatments

Lots of people can experience constipation at some stage in existence. For instance, you might experience constipation if you don’t consume enough nutritional fibre and drink sufficient levels of fluids. It may also occur because of irregular or unusual defecation habits. Not getting bowel motions for a few days may cause abdominal discomfort and harm your wellbeing.

Although constipation is very common, chronic constipation could be a concern. It might occur because of distinct reasons for example stool passing with the colon gradually, lack of fluids, food moving gradually with the digestive system, and much more. This information will detail the reasons, signs and symptoms, and coverings for constipation.

Various natural home remedies can help in easing constipation, for example consuming apple cider vinegar treatment. However, when the natural home remedies aren’t useful and also the constipation is chronic, you should seek specialist help.

What’s Constipation?

Constipation is really a gastrointestinal tract disorder or problem leading to infrequent stools (under three stools per week) or discomfort and stiffness within the stool passage. Chronic constipation can lead to the impaction from the intestine, which might even require surgery.

Aspects that can lead to the emergence of constipation within an individual include alterations in diet, colonic motility, daily behaviours, biological along with other pharmaceutical factors. Research has shown that around typically 16% of adults worldwide have constipation. In addition, constipation is prevalent among 33.5% of adults (aged 60-110 years).

Signs and symptoms

Just the bowel movement cannot see whether you’ve constipation or otherwise. For the reason that every individual has different bowel habits. A few of the significant signs and symptoms of constipation are:

  • Passing stools under three occasions per week.
  • Getting stools which are hard, dry, or lumpy.
  • Dealing with discomfort or strain while stooling.
  • Feeling full despite stools.
  • The inability to pass stool completely.

Other signs and symptoms of constipation that need seeking medical health advice include:

  • Existence of bloodstream within the stool.
  • Persistent discomfort within the back.
  • Cramping and discomfort within the abdomen.
  • Sudden alterations in bowel motions.
  • Vomiting or fever.
  • Sudden weight reduction.
  • Feeling bloated

What causes Constipation

The person’s colon absorbs water in the food consumed. The remaining material following the water and nutrients are absorbed is known as stool or feces. This will get kept in the rectum that is a dilated sac like structure from the intestines, before it will get passed in the body. However, whether it doesn’t get passed in the colon for a longer period, you might have bowel difficulties.

You may even face difficulties when the colon absorbs sinking in the stool, which makes it dry. Within this situation, the stool becomes way too hard or painful to pass through. Constipation might also occur once the waste materials (stool) gradually moves using your digestive tract. The slower it moves, greater it’ll become to pass through stools.

Let’s discuss what causes constipation at length below:


One of the main reasons for constipation is too little fiber in what you eat. If you don’t consume sufficient levels of fiber-that contains foods for example vegetables, fruits and drink less water, you might have more likelihood of experiencing constipation.

This is because simple a higher fiber diet leads to elevated stool weight, resulting in a low duration of colon transiting. However, a minimal fibre diet will the opposite to cause constipation. Research has proven that the high fiber diet only helps people who have normal colonic functions and transit time. Individuals who show a delayed colonic transit time, don’t take advantage of a higher fiber diet. However, it will not benefit patients with constipation and delayed colonic transit.


A few of the health conditions or illnesses that cause constipation include:

Robotically, you might experience constipation because of the rectal, colon and rectal stricture. Furthermore, it could also be because of intestinal pseudo-obstruction and megacolon rectocele. In addition, diverticulosis, hurt tissues.

Metabolic or endocrine conditions like porphyria, pregnancy, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, diabetes, and hyperthyroidism

Depression, seating disorder for you, anxiety, and other associated mental conditions

Myopathic disorders like amyloidosis and scleroderma

Nerve disorders include Parkinson’s disease, paraplegia, spinal-cord injuries, spina bifida, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy

Rectal conditions for example haemorrhoids, rectal strictures, and rectal fissures may delay the stool removal process leading to chronic constipation. It is a result of the discomfort that you might undergo during faecal excretion.

Internal stenosis may end up from cancer or causes associated with it. For instance, tumours, intestinal radiation, colorectal cancer, etc., can lead to constipation. This may also occur because of intestinal masses, sigmoid or cecal volvulus, inflammatory, and ischemic or surgical stenosis.

Ligament disorders like lupus

People getting the Hirschsprung disease will also have constipation because they are weaker into it.


Various kinds of medications might also result in constipation. Hence, make sure that you don’t begin using these medications over the safe limit.

Anticholinergic drugs for example Hyoscine

Antipyretic drugs like codeine and morphine

Antipsychotics for example clozapine and haloperidol

Antidepressants like fluoxetine and imipramine

Dietary supplements with calcium and iron

Drugs employed for fat-lowering and bloodstream pressure-lowering

Antioxidants, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, and anti-ulcer drugs

Other common causes

Older age: Studies have shown that senior adults with cognitive impairment, less nutritional fibre intake, and reduced mobility tend to be more vulnerable to constipation.

Lack of fluids: Lack of fluid or insufficient fluid consumption can lead to constipation, according to studies.

More uncommon exercises.

Travel or similar routine changes

Relief And Treatment

Some methods might help ease constipation. The easiest way is always to improve your diet and activities. Assistance you to definitely treat as well as get respite from constipation. Check out the next means of good results:

Restricting or staying away from alcohol/caffeine consumption because these beverages result in lack of fluids.

Consuming an elevated quantity of fluids for hydrating yourself prevents stool from drying.

Growing fibre-wealthy intake of food when you eat raw vegetables, fruits, beans, wholegrain, bran cereal, and prunes might help. Hence, you need to help make your daily fibre intake between 20-25 grams.

Growing your exercise levels close to 150 minutes of moderate exercise each week.

Passing stool once you possess the urge to possess bowel motions.

Cutting lower on low fibre foods like milk, cheese, meat, along with other processed food

Get accustomed to getting bowel motions around 15-forty-five minutes before breakfast through bowel training (You might take the aid of a physician).

Ask your medical doctor and take laxatives according to their suggestions. However, don’t rely on them greater than two times per week without instructions from the physician.

Take prescribed treatment and medicines from the medical doctor for relieving constipation.

Medications for Constipation

You may also check out certain medications suggested from your physician (for example laxatives) and also the aforementioned treatments when they alone don’t show fruitful results.

  • Take stool softeners like Surfak and Colace.
  • Consume fibre supplements.
  • Use lubricants like mineral oil.
  • Take the aid of stimulants like Senokot.
  • Use osmotic agents like Milk of Magnesia.
  • Prescription Medications for Constipation
  • Several medicinal drugs will let you together with your constipation issues. Such prescription medications include:
  • Prucalopride: It helps in growing bowel motions by focusing on the colon walls, which results in elevated stooling.
  • Lubiprostone: It enables your stool to pass through effortlessly by growing the fluid levels inside your bowels.

Linaclotide or Plecanatide makes bowel motions more frequent by accelerating food passage with the gastrointestinal tract and growing fluid levels inside your intestines.

Anything else

Surgery from the hardened stools: It happens in lengthy-term constipation. (chronic cases)

Biofeedback therapy for retraining parts of your muscles

Manual elimination of faeces for elevated relief

An enema.

Lengthy term treatments for example IBS (for chronic conditions)

Preventing Constipation Efficiently?

You may also prevent constipation through specific practices. These are the same techniques that you employ for relieving constipation.

Studies suggest that consuming roughly 1.5-2 litres water each day is advantageous. Consuming more water is a terrific way to relieve and stop constipation.

Consume more high-fibre foods as recommended from your doctor (approximately. 25 grams according to research)

Get some exercise regularly and remain active.

Eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, and whole grain products.

Adapt you to ultimately the habit of smoking of utilizing the rest room every single day simultaneously.

Avoid alcohol and caffeine to avoid lack of fluids.

Attempt to manage your stress threshold.

Don’t try to manage the need to defecate. Rather, deal with nature’s calls immediately.

Research has shown that fibre-wealthy food can improve intestinal peristalsis while increasing faecal weight. Additionally, each one of these foods behave as natural laxatives that prevent constipation.

Leave a Reply